Athletes’ use of goal-directed self-talk: Situational determinants and functions

Latinjak, Alexander, Masó, Marc, Calmeiro, Luis and Hatzigeorgiadis, Antonis (2019) Athletes’ use of goal-directed self-talk: Situational determinants and functions. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology. pp. 1-16. ISSN 1557-251X

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to explore situational determinants of goal-directed self-talk and to advance our understanding of athletes’ goal-directed self-talk functions. Participants were 97 young adult athletes (Mage = 20.36; SD = 3.38), competing at regional, national, and international level. In face-to-face meetings, participants were guided to describe situations in which they had used goal-directed self-talk. Subsequently, they were asked to report what their goal-directed self-talk in these situations had been. Both inductive and deductive data analyses were used to address the research questions. Regarding the situations, participants used goal-directed self-talk mainly in a variety of situations in training, and before, during and after competition. Furthermore, they also employed self-talk to better handle substitutions, injuries and interpersonal conflicts. Regarding self-talk functions, the initial coding scheme was expanded with additional categories to add depth and specificity to the model. Specifically, newly described self-talk functions relate to performance analyses, goal-orientation promotion, reasons underlying persistence, time perceptions and down-regulation of excessive confidence. Overall, the findings of this study suggest that athletes have different self-talk functions at their disposal, to manage a large variety of situations.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: thoughts, cognitive processes, motivation, athletic performance
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Q Science > QP Physiology
Divisions: Faculty of Health & Science > Department of Science & Technology
SWORD Depositor: Pub Router
Depositing User: Pub Router
Date Deposited: 21 May 2019 08:25
Last Modified: 21 May 2019 08:25
URI: http://oars.uos.ac.uk/id/eprint/907

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