The Hopkins Verbal Learning Test: an in-depth analysis of recall patterns

Grenfell-essam, Rachel, Hogervost, E and Rahardjo, T.B (2017) The Hopkins Verbal Learning Test: an in-depth analysis of recall patterns. Memory, 26 (4). pp. 1-21. ISSN 0965-8211

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One of the earliest signs of dementia is memory issues and verbal word lists, such as the Hopkins Verbal Learning Test (HVLT), are successfully used for screening. To gain insight in how memory is affected in dementia, and to further improve the efficacy of the HVLT, in-depth analysis of the recall patterns of dementia cases and controls was conducted. Dementia cases and controls were matched for factors that can affect performance, such as age, gender and education level. Word frequency, syllable length, and orthographic neighbourhood size did not differ in the Indonesian version of the HVLT, nor did these characteristics affect recall. However dementia cases showed consistent and poor recall across the three trials; with the worst recall for the “human shelter” category and best recall for the “animals” category. Dementia cases also showed impaired accessibility of all categories with reduced subsequent recall from accessed categories and reduced primacy and recency levels. Finally, dementia cases exhibited lower levels of re-remembering and recalling new words, and higher levels of immediate forgetting and never recalling words. It was concluded that utilising the extra information provided by the in-depth analyses of the recall patterns could be beneficial to improve dementia screening.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Dementia, Hopkins Verbal Learning Test, HVLT, memory, recall patterns
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Arts, Business & Applied Social Science > Department of Applied Social Sciences
Depositing User: David Upson-Dale
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2018 09:10
Last Modified: 19 Apr 2018 09:23

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