Transforming Integrated Care Through Co-production: A Systematic Review Using Meta-ethnography

Conquer, Susan, Iles, Richard, Windle, Karen, Heathershaw, Rachel and Ski, Chantal (2024) Transforming Integrated Care Through Co-production: A Systematic Review Using Meta-ethnography. International Journal of Integrated Care, 24 (1). ISSN 1568-4156

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Introduction: There is a requirement for health and care systems and services to work on an equitable basis with people who use and provide integrated care. In response, co-production has become essential in the design and transformation of services. Globally, an array of approaches have been implemented to achieve this. This unique review explores multi-context and multi-method examples of co-production in integrated care using an exceptional combination of methods.

Aim: To review and synthesise evidence that examines how co-production with service users, unpaid carers and members of staff can affect the design and transformation of integrated care services.

Methods: Systematic review using meta-ethnography with input from a patient and public involvement (PPI) co-production advisory group. Meta-ethnography can generate theories by interpreting patterns between studies set in different contexts. Nine academic and four grey literature databases were searched for publications between 2012–2022. Data were extracted, analysed, translated and interpreted using the seven phases of meta-ethnography and PPI.

Findings: A total of 2,097 studies were identified. 10 met the inclusion criteria. Studies demonstrated a variety of integrated care provisions for diverse populations. Co-production was most successful through person-centred design, innovative planning, and collaboration. Key impacts on service transformation were structural changes, accessibility, and acceptability of service delivery. The methods applied organically drew out new interpretations, namely a novel cyclic framework for application within integrated care.

Conclusion: Effective co-production requires a process with a well-defined focus. Implementing co-delivery, with peer support, facilitates service user involvement to be embedded at a higher level on the ‘ladder of co-production’. An additional step on the ladder is proposed; a cyclic co-delivery framework. This innovative and operational development has potential to enable better-sustained person-centred integrated care services.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: co-production, co-delivery, patient and public involvement, meta-ethnography, integrated care design and transformation
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Health & Science > Department of Health Studies
Depositing User: David Upson-Dale
Date Deposited: 12 Mar 2024 11:02
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2024 12:23

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