Current guidelines for the implementation of flywheel resistance training technology in sports: a consensus statement

Beato, Marco, De keijzer, Kevin, Muñoz-Lopez, Alejandro, Raya-González, Javier, Pozzo, Marco, Alkner, Björn, A., Dello Iacono, Antonio, Vicens Bordas, Jordi, Coratella, Giuseppe, Maroto-Izquierdo, Sergio, Gonzalo-Skok, Oliver, Mcerlain-naylor, Stuart, Martin-Rivera, Fernando, Hernandez-Davo, Jose, L., Suarez Arrones, Luis, Sabido, Rafael, de Hoyo, Moises, Fernandez-Gonzalo, Rodrigo and Norrbrand, Lena (2024) Current guidelines for the implementation of flywheel resistance training technology in sports: a consensus statement. Sports Medicine. ISSN 0112-1642

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Background: Flywheel resistance training has become more integrated within resistance training programs in a variety of sports due to the neuromuscular, strength, and task specific enhancements reported with such training.
Objective: This paper aimed to present the consensus reached between internationally recognized experts during a meeting on current definitions and guidelines for the implementation of flywheel resistance training technology in sports.
Methods: Nineteen experts from different countries took part in the consensus process: 16 of them were present at the consensus meeting (18th of May 2023) while 3 submitted their recommendations by e-mail. Prior to the meeting, evidence summaries were developed relating to areas of priority. This paper discusses the available evidence and consensus process from which recommendations were made regarding the appropriate use of flywheel resistance training technology in sports. The process to gain consensus had five steps: 1) performing a systematic review of systematic reviews, 2) updating the most recent umbrella review published on this topic, 3) first round discussion among a sample of the research group included in this consensus statement, 4) selection of research group members – process of the consensus meeting and formulation of the recommendation, and 5) consensus process. The systematic analysis of the literature was performed to select the most updated review papers available on the topic which resulted in 9 articles; their methodological quality was assessed according to AMSTAR 2 (Assessing the Methodological Quality of Systematic Review 2) and GRADE (Grading Recommendations Assessment Development and Evaluation). Statements and recommendations scoring 7-9 were considered appropriate.
Results: The recommendations were based on evidence summary and researchers’ expertise; the consensus statement included 3 statements and 7 recommendations for the use of flywheel resistance training technology. These statements and recommendations were anonymously voted on and qualitatively analyzed. The three statements reported a range score from 8.1 to 8.8., therefore, all statements included in this consensus were considered appropriate. The recommendations (from one to seven) had a score ranging from 7.7 to 8.6, therefore, all recommendations were considered appropriate.
Conclusions: Because of the consensus achieved among the experts of this project, it is suggested that practitioners and researchers should adopt the guidelines reported in this consensus statement regarding the use of flywheel resistance technology in sports.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: physiology, flywheel resistance training, neuromuscular enhancements, strength enhancements
Subjects: Q Science > QP Physiology
Divisions: Faculty of Health & Science > Department of Science & Technology
Depositing User: Marco Beato
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2023 11:22
Last Modified: 11 Jan 2024 13:42

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