Speaking clearly … 10 years on: The case for an integrative perspective of self-talk in sport

Latinjak, Alexander, Hatzigeorgiadis, Antonis, Comoutos, Nikos and Hardy, James (2019) Speaking clearly … 10 years on: The case for an integrative perspective of self-talk in sport. Sport, Exercise and Performance Psychology. ISSN 2157-3905 (Submitted)

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Over a decade ago, Hardy (2006) published his literature review that contained a working definition that has shaped subsequent studies about self-talk, contributing to the noticeable expansion of this research area. The rapid development of the self-talk literature in sport since then has bred the need to rethink how self-talk is conceptualized. The purpose of the present article was twofold: (a) to review how conceptualizations of self-talk and the associated research perspectives have changed during the past decade and (b) to introduce a new integrative conceptualization of sport self-talk. We identify two main developments that alter our view of what self-talk is, reinforcing the need for a new conceptualization: The identification of two distinct self-talk entities (organic self-talk and strategic self-talk); and the distinctions between spontaneous and goal-directed self-talk, as these emerged within organic self-talk. Consequently, we propose a new integrative conceptualization of self-talk. We believe that for such a conceptualization to be sufficient so as to guide future research, several attributes of self-talk ought to be recognized: the necessary and sufficient attributes that define self-talk, and important descriptive attributes, including overtness, interpretation, origins, and functions, which facilitate the understanding and the study of the self-talk phenomena.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: self-talk, sport science, organic self-talk, strategic self-talk
Subjects: Q Science > QM Human anatomy
Q Science > QP Physiology
Divisions: Faculty of Health & Science > Department of Science & Technology
Depositing User: David Upson-Dale
Date Deposited: 16 Jan 2019 09:23
Last Modified: 16 Jan 2019 09:23
URI: https://oars.uos.ac.uk/id/eprint/804

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