Effects of reflection to improve goal-directed self-talk on endurance performance.

Latinjak, Alexander, de Las Heras, Bernat, Sacot, Arnau, Fernandez, David, Robinson, Daniel and Lane, Andrew M (2018) Effects of reflection to improve goal-directed self-talk on endurance performance. Sports, 6 (2). ISSN 2075-4663

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Abstract

We investigated the effects of an intervention that encouraged reflection on organic self-talk used during endurance performance. Using an experimental design, we compared the effects of enhancing metacognitive skills by (a) planning and (b) reviewing and evaluating goal-directed self-talk. Participants completed three time-to-exhaustion cycling task trials in which we hypothesized that the intervention group would perform significantly better than the control group. Further, we expected a reduction in perceived exertion for a given workload among participants following a self-talk intervention. Thirty-four participants completed a time-to-exhaustion cycle ergometer test, after which participants were randomly divided into an intervention and control group. The intervention group performed reflection tasks on performance in the time-to-exhaustion test. Participants completed two further time-to-exhaustion tests. Repeated measures analyses of covariance to test whether the intervention group performed for longer indicated no significant difference in time to exhaustion ( = 0.157). Perceived exertion rates were 2.42% higher in the intervention compared to the control group ( = 0.025). In conclusion, in the intervention group, goal-directed self-talk led to increased sensitisation to perceived exertion, and participants chose to stop exercising at this point rather than repeat implementation of self-talk statements and persist for longer.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: effort, endurance, perceived exertion, psychological skills, self-talk
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Health & Science > Department of Science & Technology
SWORD Depositor: Pub Router
Depositing User: Pub Router
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2018 10:45
Last Modified: 17 Jul 2018 10:50
URI: http://oars.uos.ac.uk/id/eprint/651

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