Goal-directed self-talk used during technical skill acquisition: the case of novice Ultimate Frisbee players.

Latinjak, Alexander, Masó, M and Comoutos, N (2018) Goal-directed self-talk used during technical skill acquisition: the case of novice Ultimate Frisbee players. The Sport Psychologist, 32 (1). pp. 60-65. ISSN 0888-4781

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Abstract

Even though goal-directed self-talk is a key element in self-regulated learning, providing instruction and giving feedback during technical skill acquisition, few studies have explored the specific functions with which it might enhance learning and improve performance. Therefore, immediately after a training session, 32 novice Ultimate Frisbee players (Mage = 22.88, SD = 9.71) were asked to report as many self-instructions as they remembered using before task execution, after unsuccessful throws, and after successful throws. A hierarchical content analysis indicated that players used mainly instructional self-talk in all situations. However, instructional self-talk was aimed at technical aspects before their throws; at negative reinforcement, error detection, and technical adjustment after unsuccessful throws; and at positive reinforcement and technical transference after successful throws. Other functions of self-talk were confidence-enhancement and goal-promotion. Overall, we discussed that goal-directed self-talk is a relevant self-regulated learning strategy employed by novice Ultimate Frisbee players when acquiring technical skills.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: cognitive processes, feedback, goals, reinforcement, self-regulated learning, sports, thoughts
Subjects: Q Science > QM Human anatomy
Divisions: Faculty of Health & Science > Department of Science & Technology
Depositing User: David Upson-Dale
Date Deposited: 03 May 2018 11:24
Last Modified: 03 May 2018 15:05
URI: http://oars.uos.ac.uk/id/eprint/614

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