Goal-directed, spontaneous and stimulus-independent thoughts and mindwandering in a competitive context.

Latinjak, Alexander (2018) Goal-directed, spontaneous and stimulus-independent thoughts and mindwandering in a competitive context. The Sport Psychologist, 32 (1). pp. 51-59. ISSN 0888-4781

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to analyze the functions of goal-directed thoughts and the content of spontaneous and stimulus-independent thoughts and mindwandering in a competitive setting and to explore links between different types of thoughts. Therefore, 17 young sport science students competed in a card-sorting task, while their recorded thoughts were collected between trials. Afterwards, the participants classified their own transcripts into different types of thoughts. The results indicated that goal-directed thinking serves a variety of functions, that spontaneous thought content might reflect a series of psychological states and processes relevant for performance, and that the content of mindwandering was idiosyncratic. Moreover, goal-directed thinking increased during competition, whereas mindwandering diminished. Lastly, mindwandering was rarely connected to other types of thinking, whereas the most recurrent connection between thoughts was found between goal-directed and spontaneous thinking.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: cognitive processes, mind wandering, self-talk, sports
Subjects: Q Science > QM Human anatomy
Divisions: Faculty of Health & Science > Department of Science & Technology
Depositing User: David Upson-Dale
Date Deposited: 03 May 2018 11:16
Last Modified: 03 May 2018 14:59
URI: http://oars.uos.ac.uk/id/eprint/613

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