Specific adaptations in performance and muscle architecture after weighted jump-squat vs body mass squat jump training in recreational soccer players

Coratella, G, Beato, Marco, Milanese, C, Longo, S, Limonta, E, Rampichini, S, Cè, E, Bisconti, A.V, Schena, F and Esposito, F (2018) Specific adaptations in performance and muscle architecture after weighted jump-squat vs body mass squat jump training in recreational soccer players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. ISSN 1064-8011 (In Press)

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Abstract

The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of weighted jump squat (WJST) vs body mass squat jump training (BMSJT) on quadriceps muscle architecture, lower-limb lean-mass (LM) and muscle strength, performance in change of direction (COD), sprint and jump in recreational soccer-players. Forty-eight healthy soccer-players participated in an off-season randomized controlled-trial. Before and after an eight-week training intervention, vastus lateralis pennation angle, fascicle length, muscle thickness, LM, squat 1-RM, quadriceps and hamstrings isokinetic peak-torque, agility T-test, 10 and 30m sprint and squat-jump (SJ) were measured. Although similar increases in muscle thickness, fascicle length increased more in WJST (ES=1.18, 0.82-1.54) than in BMSJT (ES=0.54, 0.40-0.68) and pennation angle only increased in BMSJT (ES=1.03, 0.78-1.29). Greater increases in LM were observed in WJST (ES=0.44, 0.29-0.59) than in BMSJT (ES=0.21, 0.07-0.37). Agility T-test (ES=2.95, 2.72-3.18), 10m (ES=0.52, 0.22-0.82) and 30m-sprint (ES=0.52, 0.23-0.81) improved only in WJST, while SJ improved in BMSJT (ES=0.89, 0.43-1.35) more than in WJST (ES=0.30, 0.03-0.58). Similar increases in squat 1-RM and peak-torque occurred in both groups. The greater inertia accumulated within the landing-phase in WJST vs BMSJT has increased the eccentric workload, leading to specific eccentric-like adaptations in muscle architecture. The selective improvements in COD in WJST may be related to the increased braking ability generated by the enhanced eccentric workload.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: muscle architecture, soccer-players, weighted jump squat, body mass squat jump training
Subjects: Q Science > QP Physiology
Divisions: Faculty of Health & Science > Department of Science & Technology
Depositing User: Marco Beato
Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2018 09:15
Last Modified: 22 Feb 2018 09:15
URI: http://oars.uos.ac.uk/id/eprint/458

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