Multidimensionality within the Edinburgh postnatal depression scale: application issues of specific structure

Ratislavová, Kateřina, Hendrych Lorenzová, Eva, Lochmannová, Alena and Martin, Colin (2023) Multidimensionality within the Edinburgh postnatal depression scale: application issues of specific structure. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology. ISSN 1469-672X

Multidimensionality within the Edinburgh postnatal depression scale---.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (731kB) | Preview


Objective and background
The 10-item Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) is a widely-used screening measure for postnatal depression. Factor analysis studies have suggested an embedded sub-scale could be used for screening for anxiety disorders. The current investigation sought to replicate and extend a recent study supporting this assertion.

A cross-sectional design. EPDS data were collected at up to two years postpartum. Confirmatory factor analysis, correlational and distributional characteristics of the measure were examined. Participants were a large sample (N = 985) of postpartum women in the Czech Republic.

Factor structure findings substantially replicated the models evaluated by Della Vedova et al. (2022). Bifactor models, however, offered a better fit to data. A general factor of depression explained most of the variance in data in most models compared to embedded sub-scales across models.

The model proposed by Della Vedova et al. (2022) offered an excellent fit to data. However, the findings from the bifactor modelling suggest the dominance of a general factor of depression which indicates the potential application of an embedded anxiety sub-scale for screening may be overstated.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), factor structure, validity, psychometrics, screening
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Other Departments (Central units) > Research & Enterprise
SWORD Depositor: Pub Router
Depositing User: Pub Router
Date Deposited: 05 Dec 2023 11:11
Last Modified: 05 Dec 2023 11:11

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year