Intensity-dependent reductions in resting blood pressure following short-term isometric exercise training

Gill, K.F and Arthur, S.T and Swaine, I.L and Devereux, Gavin and Huet, Y.M and Wikstrom, E.A and Cordova, M.L and Howden, R (2015) Intensity-dependent reductions in resting blood pressure following short-term isometric exercise training. Journal of sports sciences, 33 (6). pp. 616-621. ISSN 0264-0414

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To reduce resting blood pressure, a minimum isometric exercise training (IET) intensity has been suggested, but this is not known for short-term IET programmes. We therefore compared the effects of moderate- and low-intensity IET programmes on resting blood pressure. Forty normotensive participants (22.3 ± 3.4 years; 69.5 ± 15.5 kg; 170.2 ± 8.7 cm) were randomly assigned to groups of differing training intensities [20%EMGpeak (~23%MVC, maximum voluntary contraction, or 30%EMGpeak (~34%MVC)] or control group; 3 weeks of IET at 30%EMGpeak resulted in significant reductions in resting mean arterial pressure (e.g. −3.9 ± 1.0 mmHg, P < 0.001), whereas 20%EMGpeak did not (−2.3 ± 2.9 mmHg; P > 0.05). Moreover, after pooling all female versus male participants, IET induced a 6.9-mmHg reduction in systolic blood pressure in female participants, but only a 1.5-mmHg reduction in systolic blood pressure in male participants, although the difference was not significant. An IET intensity between 20%EMGpeak and 30%EMGpeak is sufficient to elicit significant resting blood pressure reductions in a short-term training period (3 weeks). In addition, sexual dimorphism may exist in the magnitude of reductions, but further work is required to confirm this possibility, which could be important in understanding the mechanisms responsible.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: isometric exercise training, resting blood pressure, isometric exercise intensity
Subjects: Q Science > QM Human anatomy
Divisions: Faculty of Health & Science > Department of Science & Technology
Depositing User: David Upson-Dale
Date Deposited: 28 Nov 2017 12:29
Last Modified: 28 Nov 2017 12:29

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