The effect of an acute bout of resistance exercise on Carotid Artery strain and strain Rate

Black, Jane, Stӧhr, E, Stone, K, Pugh, C.J, Stembridge, M, Shave, R and Esformes, JI (2016) The effect of an acute bout of resistance exercise on Carotid Artery strain and strain Rate. Physiological Reports, 4 (17). pp. 1-11. ISSN 2051-817X

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Abstract

Arterial wall mechanics likely play an integral role in arterial responses to acute physiological stress. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the impact of low and moderate intensity double‐leg press exercise on common carotid artery (CCA) wall mechanics using 2D vascular strain imaging. Short‐axis CCA ultrasound images were collected in 15 healthy men (age: 21 ± 3 years; stature: 176.5 ± 6.2 cm; body mass; 80.6 ± 15.3 kg) before, during, and immediately after short‐duration isometric double‐leg press exercise at 30% and 60% of participants' one‐repetition maximum (1RM: 317 ± 72 kg). Images were analyzed for peak circumferential strain (PCS), peak systolic and diastolic strain rate (S‐SR and D‐SR), and arterial diameter. Heart rate (HR), systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP) were simultaneously assessed and arterial stiffness indices were calculated post hoc. A two‐way repeated measures ANOVA revealed that during isometric contraction, PCS and S‐SR decreased significantly (P < 0.01) before increasing significantly above resting levels post exercise (P < 0.05 and P < 0.01, respectively). Conversely, D‐SR was unaltered throughout the protocol (P = 0.25). No significant differences were observed between the 30% and 60% 1RM trials. Multiple regression analysis highlighted that HR, BP, and arterial diameter did not fully explain the total variance in PCS, S‐SR, and D‐SR. Acute double‐leg press exercise is therefore associated with similar transient changes in CCA wall mechanics at low and moderate intensities. CCA wall mechanics likely provide additional insight into localized intrinsic vascular wall properties beyond current measures of arterial stiffness.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Arterial wall mechanics, arterial responses, acute physiological stress, 2D vascular strain imaging, CCA ultrasound images
Subjects: Q Science > QM Human anatomy
Divisions: Faculty of Health & Science > Department of Science & Technology
Depositing User: David Upson-Dale
Date Deposited: 27 Nov 2017 09:29
Last Modified: 22 Aug 2018 10:08
URI: http://oars.uos.ac.uk/id/eprint/279

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