Investigating the application of artificial neural networks to predict the bioconcentration of xenobiotics in fish and invertebrates

Miller, Thomas, Thomas, Kevin, Bury, Nic, Owen, Stewart and Barron, Leon (2017) Investigating the application of artificial neural networks to predict the bioconcentration of xenobiotics in fish and invertebrates. In: 27th Annual meeting of the Society for Environmental Chemistry and Toxicology, 7th - 11th May 2017, Brussels, Belgium. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Modeling and prediction of polar organic chemical integrative
sampler (POCIS) sampling rates (Rs) for 73 compounds using artificial
neural networks (ANNs) is presented for the first time. Two models were
constructed: the first was developed ab initio using a genetic algorithm
(GSD-model) to shortlist 24 descriptors covering constitutional, topological,
geometrical and physicochemical properties and the second model was
adapted for Rs prediction from a previous chromatographic retention model
(RTD-model). Mechanistic evaluation of descriptors showed that models did
not require comprehensive a priori information to predict Rs. Average
predicted errors for the verification and blind test sets were 0.03 ± 0.02 L d−1
(RTD-model) and 0.03 ± 0.03 L d−1 (GSD-model) relative to
experimentally determined Rs. Prediction variability in replicated models
was the same or less than for measured Rs. Networks were externally
validated using a measured Rs data set of six benzodiazepines. The RTD-model performed best in comparison to the GSD-model
for these compounds (average absolute errors of 0.0145 ± 0.008 L d−1 and 0.0437 ± 0.02 L d−1, respectively). Improvements to
generalizability of modeling approaches will be reliant on the need for standardized guidelines for Rs measurement. The use of in
silico tools for Rs determination represents a more economical approach than laboratory calibrations.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Uncontrolled Keywords: artificial neural networks, xenobiotics,
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Health & Science > Department of Science & Technology
Depositing User: Nic Bury
Date Deposited: 11 Jul 2017 09:47
Last Modified: 11 Jul 2017 09:47
URI: http://oars.uos.ac.uk/id/eprint/230

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