Time- and dose-dependent effects of chronic wound fluid on human adult dermal fibroblasts.

De Mattei, Monica, Ongaro, Alessia, Magaldi, Simona, Gemmati, Donato, Legnaro, Andrea, Palazzo, Annunziata, Masieri, Federica, Pellati, Agnese, Catozzi, Linda, Caruso, Angelo and Zamboni, Paolo (2008) Time- and dose-dependent effects of chronic wound fluid on human adult dermal fibroblasts. Dermatologic surgery : official publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et al.], 34 (3). pp. 347-56. ISSN 1524-4725

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Abstract

BACKGROUND

Wound healing is a biologic process that is altered in patients affected by chronic venous ulcers. The wound microenvironment is reflected in the chronic wound fluid (CWF), an exudate containing serum components and tissue-derived proteins.

OBJECTIVES

We investigated the effects of increasing doses of CWF collected from patients suffering from chronic venous ulcers on human adult dermal fibroblasts cultured in vitro and the relationship among CWF effects and treatment length.

METHODS

Fibroblasts were treated with 60, 240, and 720 microg/mL CWF for 3 and 7 days. We evaluated cell proliferation and viability by MTT and Trypan blue assay, cell morphology by light microscopy, F-actin microfilaments organization by tetramethylrhodamine B isothiocyanate-conjugated phalloidin, alpha-smooth muscle actin expression by immunofluorescence, and senescence-associated beta-galactosidase activity.

RESULTS

CWF induced an increase in cell proliferation in the first 3 days of treatment. In contrast, at 7 days, a strong decrease in cell viability was observed. These changes were related to a cytoskeletal F-actin reorganization and not to fibroblast-myofibroblast differentiation nor to changes in cellular senescence.

CONCLUSIONS

This study shows a dose-dependent and biphasic effect of CWF on dermal fibroblasts, suggesting that a continuous exposure to chronic wounds microenvironment may induce late cellular dysfunctions possibly involved in the delayed wound healing.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: wound healing, wound fluid, adult dermal fibroblasts
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RL Dermatology
Divisions: Faculty of Health & Science > Department of Science & Technology
Depositing User: Federica Masieri
Date Deposited: 23 Feb 2021 09:29
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2021 16:09
URI: http://oars.uos.ac.uk/id/eprint/1633

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