Adenosine analogs and electromagnetic fields inhibit prostaglandin E2 release in bovine synovial fibroblasts.

De Mattei, M, Varani, K, Masieri, Federica, Pellati, A, Ongaro, A, Fini, M, Cadossi, R, Vincenzi, F, Borea, P A and Caruso, A (2008) Adenosine analogs and electromagnetic fields inhibit prostaglandin E2 release in bovine synovial fibroblasts. Osteoarthritis and cartilage, 17 (2). pp. 252-62. ISSN 1522-9653

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To investigate the role of adenosine analogs and electromagnetic field (EMF) stimulation on prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) release and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression in bovine synovial fibroblasts (SFs).


SFs isolated from synovia were cultured in monolayer. Saturation and binding experiments were performed by using typical adenosine agonists: N6-cyclohexyladenosine (CHA, A(1)), 2-[p-(2-carboxyethyl)-phenetyl-amino]-5'-N-ethylcarboxamidoadenosine (CGS 21680, A(2A)), 5'-N-ethylcarboxamidoadenosine (NECA, non-selective), N6-(3-iodobenzyl)2-chloroadenosine-5'-N-methyluronamide (Cl-IB-MECA, A(3)). SFs were treated with TNF-alpha (10 ng/ml) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) (1 microg/ml) to activate inflammatory response. Adenosine analogs were added to control and TNF-alpha- or LPS-treated cultures both in the absence and in the presence of adenosine deaminase (ADA) which is used to deplete endogenous adenosine. Parallel cultures were exposed to EMFs (75 Hz, 1.5 mT) during the period in culture (24h). PGE(2) release was measured by immunoassay. COX-2 expression was evaluated by RT-PCR.


TNF-alpha and LPS stimulated PGE(2) release. All adenosine agonists, except for Cl-IB-MECA, significantly inhibited PGE(2) production. EMFs inhibited PGE(2) production in the absence of adenosine agonists and increased the effects of CHA, CGS 21680 and NECA. In ADA, the inhibition on PGE(2) release induced by CHA, CGS and NECA was stronger than in the absence of ADA and the EMF-inhibitory effect was lost. Changes in PGE(2) levels were associated to modification of COX-2 expression.


This study supports anti-inflammatory activities of A(1) and A(2A) adenosine receptors and EMFs in bovine SFs. EMF activity appears mediated by an EMF-induced up-regulation of A(2A) receptors. Biophysical and/or pharmacological modulation of adenosine pathways may play an important role to control joint inflammation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: adenosine receptors, synovial fibroblasts, electromagnetic field, PGE2
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Health & Science > Department of Science & Technology
Depositing User: Federica Masieri
Date Deposited: 23 Feb 2021 09:34
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2021 16:07

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