Temporal patterns of visitation of birds and mammals at mineral licks in the Peruvian Amazon

Griffiths, Brian M., Bowler, Mark, Gilmore, Michael P. and Luther, David (2020) Temporal patterns of visitation of birds and mammals at mineral licks in the Peruvian Amazon. Ecology and Evolution. ISSN 2045-7758

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Abstract

Mineral licks are key ecological resources for many species of birds and mammals in Amazonia, providing essential dietary nutrients and clays, yet little is known about which species visit and their behaviors at the mineral licks. Studying visitation and behavior at mineral licks can provide insight into the lives of otherwise secretive and elusive species. We assessed which species visited mineral licks, when they visited, and whether visits and the probability of recording groups at mineral licks were seasonal or related to the lunar cycle. We camera trapped at 52 mineral licks in the northeastern Peruvian Amazon and detected 20 mammal and 13 bird species over 6,255 camera nights. Generalized linear models assessed visitation patterns and records of groups in association with seasonality and the lunar cycle. We report nocturnal curassows (Nothocrax urumutum) visiting mineral licks for the first time. We found seasonal trends in visitation for the black agouti (Dasyprocta fuliginosa), red howler monkey (Alouatta seniculus), blue‐throated piping guan (Pipile cumanensis), red brocket deer (Mazama americana), collared peccary (Pecari tajacu), and tapir (Tapirus terrestris). Lunar trends in visitation occurred for the paca (Cuniculus paca), Brazilian porcupine (Coendou prehensilis), and red brocket deer. The probability of recording groups (>1 individual) at mineral licks was seasonal and related to lunar brightness for tapir. Overall, our results provide important context for how elusive species of birds and mammals interact with these key ecological resources on a landscape scale. The ecological importance of mineral licks for these species can provide context to seasonal changes in species occupancy and movement.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ecology, ecology, evolution, behavior and systematics, nature and landscape conservation
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Health & Science > Department of Science & Technology
SWORD Depositor: Pub Router
Depositing User: Pub Router
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2020 11:01
Last Modified: 10 Dec 2020 11:32
URI: http://oars.uos.ac.uk/id/eprint/1513

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